Effects of krokodil drug

Added: Lin Ramage - Date: 18.09.2021 11:10 - Views: 35044 - Clicks: 4445

Introduction The narcotic drug krokodil is a semi-synthetic drug used as a cheap alternative to heroin. With its active ingredient desomorphine it is a highly addictive and destructive drug mainly used in Russia and Eastern Europe. Relatively little is known about the physical effects of krokodil. With this review we present more insight into oral health problems associated with krokodil use and how the use of this drug could influence dental and oral- and maxillofacial treatment.

Methods The online electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Google scholar were searched for articles concerning desomorphine or krokodil and oral side effects or pathology. Reference lists of Effects of krokodil drug articles were manually screened for additional publications.

Thirteen articles were included in this review. In total patients were described in the included publications, mainly retrospective clinical case series and case reports. Eleven studies reported on osteonecrosis of the jaw and two studies reported on other physical and oral side effects associated with desomorphine abuse.

Conclusion Osteonecrosis of the maxillofacial bones is a serious and mutilating oral side effect associated with krokodil use. Other oral aspects associated with its use include mucosal changes, high risk of caries and periodontitis. In addition, physical effects of the drug, which indirectly can affect oral health, have also been described. The use of the drug krokodil can interfere with dental and oral- and maxillofacial treatment. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.

Search: Search. Advanced Clipboard. Display options Display options. Create file Cancel. citation Subject: 1 selected item: - PubMed. Format: Summary Summary text Abstract Abstract text. MeSH and other data. Send Cancel. Add to Collections Create a new collection Add to an existing collection. Name your collection: Name must be less than characters. Choose a collection: Unable to load your collection due to an error Please try again. Add Cancel. Add to My Bibliography My Bibliography. Unable to load your delegates due to an error Please try again.

Your saved search Name of saved search:. Search Effects of krokodil drug. Test search terms. Would you like updates of new search ? : change. Frequency: Monthly Weekly Daily. Which day? Send at most: 1 item 5 items 10 items 20 items 50 items items items. Send even when there aren't any new. Optional text in :. Save Cancel. Create a file Effects of krokodil drug external citation management software Create file Cancel. of items displayed: 5 10 15 20 50 Create RSS Cancel.

RSS Link Copy. Full text links Cite Display options Display options. Abstract Introduction The narcotic drug krokodil is a semi-synthetic drug used as a cheap alternative to heroin. Similar articles [Effects of krokodil desomorphine use on oral health]. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. PMID: Dutch. The harmful chemistry behind krokodil desomorphine synthesis and mechanisms of toxicity. Alves EA, et al. Forensic Sci Int. Epub Feb 7. PMID: Review.

Breaking worse: the emergence of krokodil and excessive injuries among people who inject drugs in Eurasia. Grund JP, et al. Int J Drug Policy. Epub May Surgical treatment of jaw osteonecrosis in "Krokodil" drug addicted patients. Poghosyan YM, et al. J Craniomaxillofac Surg.

PMID: Internet search and krokodil in the Russian Federation: an infoveillance study.

Zheluk A, et al. J Med Internet Res. See all similar articles. Publication types Systematic Review Actions. Europe, Eastern Actions.

Humans Actions. Retrospective Studies Actions. Substances Illicit Drugs Actions. Codeine Actions. Full text links [x] Nature Publishing Group. Copy Download.

Effects of krokodil drug

email: [email protected] - phone:(988) 405-7909 x 8031

Krokodil (Desomorphine): A Powerful, Illicit Opioid with Severe Consequences